JESUS IN ISLAM

Salient Features of Jesus In Islam.

  • *Jesus’ generic name in Islam is ISSA
  • * Descent wise he is referred to as . . .Jesus Son-of-Mary”.
  • *He is AVery Highly ReveredProphet of Islam”. The Quran testifies to His Honourable Position in the words…
  • He Is Honoured In This World and In the Hereafter, and that He Is From The Company Of those Closest to ALLAH “ . . . . . . . [Quran 3:45]
  • *However, he is Not Considered as Divine, Nor Is anyone else !!! for that Matter.
  • *DIVINITY in ISLAM is the SOLE and EXCLUSIVE Preserve of GOD.
  • * He(Jesus) is one of the Five Great Messengers, who are all brothers: Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad.
  • * It is an article of faith for a Muslim to believe in Jesus as a Messenger of Allah, His Word and a Spirit proceeding from Him (“a Spirit of God”).
  • * He had a Virgin Birth, with his mother Mary being one of the greatest women who ever lived; he is Allah’s Word in the sense that he was created as a result of the Divine Word “Be!” working in Her Holiness Mary Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon them both.
  • * He is the Messiah, the Christ; his life was pure spirituality, and he is a sign of the last day.
  •  *He taught goodness, being meek, humble and pure of heart.
  • * His miracles include: Healing the blind and Lepers; Raising the Dead; breathing the spirit of life into birds of clay.
  • * We believe that Jesus is not the son of God, but the slave of God (Abdullah),
  • * God, We believe has no need for anything including a son. God by definition  cannot be God if He (GOD) needed someone or    something,  God is One, incomparable and Unique.

ISSA (Jesus) we believe will return to Earth near the end of time.

Some of the above salient features of Jesus in Islam are summarised in the following verse of the Quran:

 O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His apostles. Say not “Trinity” : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah. Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs. (Quran : 4 : 171)

The Miracles Performed By Jesus are Referred to in The Following Verse of the Quran:

Then will Allah say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favour to thee and to thy mother. Behold! I strengthened thee with the holy spirit, so that thou didst speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught thee the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel and behold! thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! thou bringest forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to) thee when thou didst show them the clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic ( Quran 5 : 110)

The Revelation Given To Issa (Jesus)

Prophet Issa(Jesus) we believe was Given a Revelation in the form of a Book which we call “INJEEL” and as Muslims we have to believe in this Revelation (INJEEL) given to Jesus, Just as we have to believe in the Revelations Given to ALL the Other PROPHETS. The Proviso being that these Scriptures Should be In their Original First Edition Form and should be a verbatim record of God’s “Revelation” rather than being based on Inspirations where a disciple or someone sat down many years later and chose wordings of their own volition in order to record what they thought was inspired to some one else.

We believe that the Psalms of David, The Torah, The Injeel The Quran and also the parchments “Revealed” to Abraham, John The Baptist (known to us as Prophet Yahya) and revelations given to other messengers have existed from the time when God created the “Pen” and asked it to write down His (Divine) Knowledge onto a Protected Tablet referred to in the Quran as the “Lawhim Mahfooz”. This Protected Tablet has recorded not only these books but it also stores every thing about anything and everybody from the beginning to the end.

Why Is Jesus Referred to as the “Son-of-Mary?”? In Islam

The Announcement of the Birth of Jesus is described in the following verse of the Quran:

Behold! the angels said: “O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah. (Quran : 3 : 45)

We believe that it is “Below” the Majesty of God for Him to Take a Consort or for Him to Beget a Son, the Quran states this in the following verse:

It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! when He determines a matter, He only says to it, “Be”, and it is.(Quran 19 :35)

Thus, whenever God wishes for anything He just says to it “Be…” and it comes into existence, the Quran refers to this unlimited creating Power of God in the following words:

 To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: When He decreeth a matter, He saith to it: “Be,” and it is. (Quran 2 : 117)

For those who question the fact of the virgin birth of Jesus, should ponder the creation of Adam the first man on earth whom God created not only without a father, but even more miraculously, without even a “Mother”, So, the God who can create Adam without any human intervention can the same God not create Jesus with just a mother. The Quran uses this analogy in the following verse:  

The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be”. And he was. (Quran : 3 : 29)

When Her Holiness Mary-(BTW,There Is a Whole Chapter In The Quran dedicated to her and Titled :Mary) had wondered How can she give birth to a child when no man had touched her, the answer given to Her is mentioned in the following verse of the Quran:

She said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?” He said: “Even so: Allah createth what He willeth: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to it, ‘Be,’ and it is! (Quran 3: 47).

This Power of God to Create endlessly, is further emphasised in the following verse of the Quran:

For to anything which We have willed, We but say the word, “Be”, and it is. (Quran 16 : 40)

And again in the verse:

Verily, when He intends a thing, His Command to it is, “be“, and it is! (Quran 36 :82)

And once again in the verse:

It is He Who gives Life and Death; and when He decides upon an affair, He says to it, “Be“, and it is. (Quran 40 : 68)

With these oft repeated exhortations about God’s Power to create whatever or whoever He wishes, the Quran makes clear the “miraculous” birth of Jesus “Without Paternity”, and hence, the reference in Islam and in the Quran to Jesus as the “Son-of-Mary

“The Unity of God”, Confirmed By Jesus, Both In the Bible and In The Quran

“When His Holiness Prophet Issa(Jesus) – Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him, was asked about the most important thing in his Teachings without which everything else would collapse i.e. “Which is The First Commandment?” He Issa(Jesus) replied:

The First Commandment, hear O! Tribe of Israel is that Your Lord The God Is One.” (Deuteronomy 6 : 4)

This exhortation by His Holiness Prophet Issa(Jesus) is quoted in the Quran in the following verse:

“They do blaspheme who say: “(Allah) is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help. (Quran 5:72)

Is Jesus Regarded As The Lord in Islam ?

We believe that Jesus will be questioned by Allah about whether or not he claimed Divinity for himself and for his Mother Her Holiness Mary. This Question that will be put to Jesus on the Day of Judgement and the answer that he will give are quoted in the following verse of the Quran :

And behold! Allah will say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah.?” He will say: “Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart, Thou I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden. (Quran 5 ¨116)

Thus we have seen from Deuteronomy 6 :4 and Quran 5 : 72, & 5 : 116, that God is One, Unique and Incomparable. Therefore, if God Is “The” God and there is No other God besides Him as confirmed by Jesus himself quoted both in the Gospels and The Quran, then how can we regard Jesus as “The Lord?”..?

The Quran admonishes against taking anyone, even Angels, Prophets or religious leaders as Lords or Patrons for our Lord and Patron is Allah. The taking of Christ Jesus the son of Mary as Lord is regarded as a violation of both Gospel and Quranic Commandment, and is referred to in the Quran in the following verse:

They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their Lord) Christ the son of Mary; yet they were commanded to worship but One Allah. there is no god but He. Praise and glory to Him: (Far is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him). (Quran 9:31)

What Is The Islamic View On The Crucifixion?

One popular legend (not an Islamic one) has it that, on the day of the crucifixion, there was another candidate who also had the first name of Jesus (surname Barabba), so popular with the crowd that it was braying for him to be released. Governor Pontius Pilate desiring to please the crowd wanted to release Jesus Barabba, but before he could do that, God worked a miracle switching the looks of the two Jesus(s) and when Pontius Pilate thought that he had released Jesus Barabba, he had in reality released Jesus the son of Mary, who was then, by another miracle, taken up by God to His presence whilst the person who was crucified may have been the other Jesus i.e. Jesus Barabba who was made to look like Jesus the son of Mary.

The commonality between this legend and the Islamic belief is, that, there was indeed some miracle worked by God, but for a surety, Jesus the son of Mary was neither crucified nor was he killed. The Quran is so emphatic that Jesus the son of Mary was not killed nor was he crucified, that, it not only states this but then repeats that assertion by saying…of a surety they killed him not.. as in the following verse:

“That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah.;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- (Quran 4 : 157)

Islamic Belief of The Second Coming of Jesus…!!!

We believe that His Holiness Prophet Issa (Jesus)-Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him, will return to earth near the end of time when He will live a normal life, get married, have children and then die a natural death thereby fulfilling the Quran verse that every soul shall taste of death. Upon His death the Muslims present at that time will perform the Islamic Funeral prayers on him and then he will be buried in the city of Medina (in the present-day country of Saudi Arabia).

The manner of his descent has also been described to us that, he will descend with arms resting on the wings of angels on either side. Droplets of dew will be falling from his face and if he were to bow his head then jewels and precious stones will drop from his face. The place of His descent has ALSO been predicted to us as the city of Damascus (in the present-day country of Syria.)

Prophet Mohammad ( Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him) in one of His Hadiths (Prophetic Teaching Statements) predicted the second coming of Jesus (PBUH) in the following words:

“Narrated one of Prophet Mohammad’s companions that ….Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, surely (Jesus,) the son of Mary will soon descend amongst you and will judge mankind justly (as a Just Ruler); he will break the Cross and kill the pigs and there will be no Jizya (i.e. taxation due from non-Muslims in an Islamic State). Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept charity, and a single prostration to Allah (in prayer) will be better than the whole world and whatever is in it.” (4.159) (See Fateh Al Bari, Page 302 Vol 7)

The Sign of Jonah That Jesus Referred To, Also Mentioned In The Quran

Let us recall the occasion when some people came to Jesus (PBUH) and asked him to show a sign of his Prophethood and his close links with God, in other words they were asking Jesus to perform some miracles to prove that he was indeed a messenger that God had sent. Jesus (PBUH) responded by saying: “…there shall be no sign given to it, but the sign of the Prophet Jonah” (Matthew 12:39).

There are two very interesting Commonalities between this statement of Jesus (PBUH) as narrated to us by Matthew and The Quranic Statements. First Commonality is, that The Quran confirms that His Holiness Jonah (PBUH) is “one of the Prophets” of Islam, and the Second Commonality is, that the Quran also mentions the story of Jonah (PBUH) being swallowed by a Fish. The verses of the Quran That Relate to this incident are as follows:

“So also was Jonah among those (Prophets) sent (by Us). …….When he ran away (like a slave from captivity) to the ship (fully) laden He (agreed to) cast lots, and he was condemned: …….Then the big Fish did swallow him, and he had done acts worthy of blame. …….Had it not been that he (repented and) glorified Allah, He would certainly have remained inside the Fish till the Day of Resurrection…….. But We cast him forth on the naked shore in a state of sickness…….. And We caused to grow, over him, a spreading plant of the gourd kind…..And We sent him (on a mission) to a hundred thousand (men) or more. (Quran 37:139 – 147)

Disciples of Jesus In Islam:

The Disciples of Jesus are referred to in Islam in the following verse of the Quran

When Jesus found Unbelief on their part He said: “Who will be My helpers to (the work of) Allah.” Said the disciples: “We are Allah’s helpers: We believe in Allah, and do thou bear witness that we are Muslims. (Quran 3 : 52)

This is further confirmed in another verse of the Quran as follows:

“And behold! I inspired the disciples to have faith in Me and Mine Messenger. they said, ‘We have faith, and do thou bear witness that we bow to Allah as Muslims'”. (Quran 5 : 111)

Was Jesus “Resurrected”?

In Islam, we believe He was NOT. The word Resurrection implies a death prior to resurrection, However we believe, as stated earlier, that neither was Jesus Put on the Cross nor was He Killed

That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah.;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- (Quran 4 : 157)

So, if there was no putting on the cross and no killing and no death of Jesus, then the Resurrection by definition also did not occur.

So, the Question which then comes up is, what then happened to Jesus and where is he at the moment. The Quran answers this Question in the following verse:

Behold! Allah said: “O Jesus! I will take thee and “raise thee to Myself” and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject faith, to the Day of Resurrection: Then shall ye all return unto me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute.(Quran 3 : 55)

Jesus Foretells the Coming of Prophet Mohammad:

This Prediction of Jesus about the forthcoming Ministry of Prophet Mohammad is referred to in the following verse of the Quran:

And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the apostle of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of an Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” (Quran 61 : 6)

Jesus’ Words Of Greeting To His Disciples Are The Same As The Islamic Words Of Greeting.

Luke whilst describing the scene of Jesus (PBUH) re-visiting his disciples in that upper room following what the gospels describe as his resurrection greeted his disciples with the words “Peace be unto you….” (Luke 24: 36-37).

What is interesting about the above words of Greeting is, that the Universal Islamic words of greeting someone when you meet them are exactly the same…that is “Peace be unto you”

Ending:

In the short space available for this article, I have tried to shine light on some of the highlights of His Holiness Jesus (PBUH) in Islam. I encourage you to find out more. As the Quran says :

Say to the People Of The Book (i.e. Those to whom a Divine Book Was Revealed Through a Prophet): “O People of the Book! Let us come together on what is Common amongst us……” (Quran 3 : 64), So, why don’t we do just that.!!!!

I take no credit for what is in this article for in the words of The Quran: I only desire (your) betterment to the best of my power; and my success (in my task) can only come from Allah. In Him I trust, and unto Him I look. (Quran 11 : 88)

Finally, I would like to make this short prayer for all of us. “May God guide us All to a Path That Is Straight” Amen.

From the Servant of Allah,

Saeed AbdulRahim.

London, April, 2009

E-Mail :Islamic_Wisdom@yahoo.co.uk

https://islamicwisdom7.wordpress.com/

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